History and biography of APJ Abdul Kalam ( Apj Abdul Kalam biography and history in English)
Abdul Kalam was the eleventh and first non-political President of India, who got this post because of his special contribution in technology and science. He was an engineer and scientist, Kalam ji till 2002-07 President of India Be too. After becoming the President, Kalam ji has been a very respected and accomplished person in the eyes of all the countrymen. Kalam ji has worked as a scientist for almost four decades, he has also been the administrator of many prestigious organizations.
History and biography of APJ Abdul Kalam APJ Abdul kalam biography and history in English
|life introduction point||abdul kalam biography|
|Full Name||Dr Avul Pakir Jainullabdeen Abdul Kalam|
|Birth||October 15, 1931|
|birth place||Dhanushkodi Village, Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu|
|death||27 July 2015|
|Hobby||reading books, writing, playing the veena|
|home page||Click here|
Abdul Kalam Birth and Educational Life (Apj Abdul Kalam Education)-
Kalam was born on October 15, 1931 in Dhanushkodi village, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu in a fisherman family, he was a Tamil Muslim. His full name is Dr. Avul Pakir Jainullabdeen Abdul Kalam. His father’s name was Jainulabdeen. He belonged to a middle class family. His father used to run the house by giving his boat to the fishermen. Child Kalam was also taught to struggle a lot for his education. He used to distribute newspapers from house to house and pay his school fees with that money. Abdul Kalamji had learned to live in discipline, honesty and generous nature from his father. His mother had immense faith in God. Kalam ji had 3 elder brothers and 1 elder sister. He had a very close relationship with all of them.
Abdul Kalam had his early education from Rameshwaram Elementary School. In 1950, Kalam took the B.Sc examination with the st. Completed from Joseph’s college. After this he did a diploma in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1954-57. As a child, his dream was to become a fighter pilot, but with time this dream changed.
The beginning of Kalam’s career (APJ Abdul Kalam career) –
In 1958, Kalam started working as a Senior Scientist in the Technical Center in DTD and P. While here, he led the scientific team prepared for the prototype hover craft. At the beginning of his career, Abdul Kalamji designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army. In 1962, Abdul Kalam left defense research and started working in India’s space research. Between 1962 and 82, he was working in many posts related to this research. In 1969, Kalam became the project head at ISRO during India’s first SLV-3 (Rohini).
Rohini was successfully established near the earth in 1980 under the leadership of Abdul Kalam ji. For his important contribution, he was awarded by the Government of India in 1981. National Awards of India One of them was awarded the Padma Bhushan. Abdul Kalam ji always gave the credit of his success to his mother. He said that it was his mother who taught him to understand good and bad. He used to say, “Looking at my inclination towards studies, my mother bought me a small lamp, so that I could study till 11 o’clock in the night. If my mother had not supported me, I would not have reached here.
APJ Abdul Kalam President Life
In 1982, he again became the director of the Defense Research and Development Organization. Under his leadership the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program was started successfully. Kalam ji played a very important role in the launch of fire, earth and sky. In 1992, APJ Abdul Kalamji became the Science Advisor to the Defense Minister and the Secretary of the Department of Security Research and Development. He served in this post till 1999. His name is included in the list of Chief Scientists of the Government of India. In 1997, APJ Abdul Kalamji was awarded India’s highest honor “Bharat Ratna” for his contribution in the field of science and Indian defence.
In 2002, the NDA constituents supported Kalam ji with the Bharatiya Janata Party. at the time of the election of the President Had made his candidate, which was supported by all and on 18 July 2002, APJ Abdul Kalamji took the oath of office. Kalam ji was never associated with politics, yet he remained on the post of the highest President of India. Despite the lack of comfort in life, how he reached the post of President, this thing is inspiring for all of us. Many of today’s youth consider APJ Abdul Kalamji as their role model. Taking birth in a small village and reaching this height is not an easy thing. We must learn something from how they went ahead, facing failures on the strength of their dedication, hard work and methodology.
Nature of APJ Abdul Kalam
APJ Abdul Kalam has a lot of affection for children. He has always been giving good lessons to the youth of his country, he says that if the youth wants, the whole country can change. All the people of the country address him by the name of ‘Missile Man’. Dr APJ Kalam is known as the father of Indian missiles. Kalam ji is the first President of India, who has come into politics from scientific background along with being unmarried. APJ Abdul Kalam started a new era of the country as soon as he became the President, which is a dimension till date.
Journey after leaving the presidency
After leaving the presidency, Kalam became the Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram. Along with this, Anna became a professor in the University’s Aerospace Engineering College. Apart from this, he was called as visiting professor in many colleges of the country.
APJ Abdul Kalam Books –
These are some of the books of Abdul Kalam Sahib, which he composed:
- India 2020 – A Vision for the New Millennium
- Wings of Fire – Autobiography
- ignited mind
- A Manifesto for Change
- Mission India
- inspiring thought
- my journey
- Advantage India
- you are born to blossom
- The Luminous Spark
APJ Abdul Kalam ji got the main awards and honors –
|year of award||Award Name|
|1981||Padma Bhushan was given by the Government of India.|
|1990||Padma Vibhushan by Government of India|
|1997||The country’s highest honor Bharat Ratna was awarded by the Government of India.|
|1997||Indira Gandhi Award|
|2011||IEEE Honorary Membership|
Apart from this, he was awarded doctorate degree by many universities. Precious words and poetry of Abdul Kalam Click to read.
APJ Abdul Kalam’s death
Went to Shillong on 27 July 2015. There, during a function at IIM Shillong, Abdul Kalam’s health had deteriorated, he was giving lectures to children in a college there, when suddenly he collapsed. After which he was admitted to the hospital in Shillong and due to his critical condition, he was admitted to the ICU. After which he took his last breath and said goodbye to the world. After this sad news, seven days of state mourning was announced. At the age of 84, he said goodbye to the world.
After death, he was brought from Guwahati to Delhi on July 28, where he was kept in Delhi’s house for the public’s darshan. Here all the big leaders came and paid tribute to him. After this he was taken to his village by Airbus. On 30 July 2015, Kalam was cremated near his native village Rameshwaram.
Abdul Kalam Sahib, who is called Missile Man, served the country for every age, through his knowledge, he gave many missiles to the country and made the country powerful. He gave missiles like Prithvi, Agni with a view to make India safe. Kalam Saheb, who was famous in the field of knowledge science, wanted to make the country powerful and self-dependent. He made the country self-supporting in philosophy.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee During his tenure, he contributed a lot to the country. He was famous for his simple and simple behavior. Due to being a Muslim, he was called to his country by another country, but because of his love for the country, he never left the country. He was seen as a successful President of the country, he guided the youth of the country from time to time. gave . He guided the youth through his proclamations and his books.