Chandra Shekhar Azad biography in hindi chandrashekhar azad biography
As soon as this word comes Azad, the young man who flaunts his mustache comes in front of the eyes, whom the whole world knows by the name of Chandrashekhar Azad. A young revolutionary who died laughing and laughing for his country. Who remained free till the end of his fight. The government whose sun did not set in the world, even that powerful government could never hold it in shackles. May Chandreshekhar always remain free, till his last breath.
chandrashekhar azad biography ( CHandra Shekhar Azad Biography ,
Early life and hobby of shooting
Chandrashekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in Bhabra village of Madhya Pradesh. Now the name of this village has been changed to Chandshekhar Azad Nagar in his honor. Originally his family was from Badarka village in Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh, but father Sitaram Tiwari had to leave his native village due to famine and move to Bhabra in Madhya Pradesh. This is a Bhil tribal-dominated area and for this reason the child Chandrashekhar got a lot of opportunity to do archery and shooting with Bhil boys and shooting became his hobby. Child Chandrashekhar was of a rebellious nature since childhood. More than studies, his mind was engaged in sports activities. After this the incident happened which shook the whole of India. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre shook the child Chandrashekhar and he decided to answer the brick with a stone.
My name is Azad.
Although Pandit used to call Chandrashekhar Tiwari by many nicknames like his friends Panditji, Balraj and Quick Silver, but the Azad surname was the most special and Chandrashekhar liked it too. He preferred to write Azad instead of Tiwari with his name. Chandrashekhar also did not accept caste restrictions. An interesting anecdote is also famous in this regard as to how the name Azad came to be. Although this story has been mentioned by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, but it has been heard and heard about him from the very beginning.
It happened that in 1921 the non-cooperation movement was at its peak and the child Chandrashekhar was arrested during a dharna and appeared before the magistrate. Mr. Khareghat, a Parsi magistrate, was known for his harsh punishments. He asked Chandreshekhar with a sternness.
what is your name?
Chandrashekhar replied modestly.
My name is Azad.
The magistrate asked another question.
What is your father’s name?
Azad’s answer again was wonderful
He said that my father’s name is Swadhinata.
Amazed by the answers of a boy, the magistrate asked a third question.
What is your mother’s name?
Azad’s answer was
India is my mother and jail is my home.
What was it then, the enraged magistrate sentenced Chandrashekhar to 15 canes.
The boy Chandrashekhar was put on 15 canes but he did not even Uff. With every cane, he raised the slogan of Bharat Mata ki Jai. In the end, instead of serving the sentence, he was given three annas which he threw on the jailer’s face. After this incident people started calling him Azad.
beginning of revolution
After the Jallianwala Bagh incident, Chandrashekhar understood that freedom would be achieved by gun and not by talk. However, in those days the non-violent movement of Mahatma Gandhi and Congress was at its peak and they were getting huge support all over the country. In such a situation, the advocates of violent activities were few. Chandrashekhar Azad also participated in the non-cooperation movement run by Mahatma Gandhi and got punished, but when the movement was withdrawn after the Chaura-Chauri incident, Azad was disillusioned with the Congress, Chandrashekhar Azad turned to Benares. Biography of Mahatma Gandhi Read it here.
Banaras used to be the center of revolutionary activities in those days in India. In Banaras, he came in contact with the great revolutionaries of the country, Manmathnath Gupta and Pranavesh Chatterjee. He was so impressed by these leaders that he became a member of the revolutionary party Hindustan Prajatantra Sangh. Initially, this party tried to rob the houses of the villages, which used to collect money by sucking the blood of the poor people, but the party soon understood that they could never make the people in their favor by hurting their people. Were. The party changed its activities and now their aim became to achieve the goals of their revolution only by causing damage to government establishments. The team published its famous pamphlet The Revolutionary to make the entire country aware of its vision. After this the incident was carried out, which is recorded in the golden letters in the immortal pages of the history of Indian revolution – Kakori incident.
Kakori incident and commander in chief
Who is not familiar with the Kakori incident in which the great revolutionaries of the country Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Rajendranath Lahiri and Thakur Roshan Singh were sentenced to death. Ten members of the party carried this loot to the end and robbed the British treasury and presented a challenge to them. Most of the team members were arrested after this incident. The party disintegrated, Azad faced the problem of forming a party once again. Despite many efforts, the British government was unsuccessful in capturing them. After this, while hiding, Azad reached Delhi, where a secret meeting of all the remaining revolutionaries was organized at the Feroz Shah Kotla ground. Apart from Azad, the great revolutionary Bhagat Singh also attended this meeting. It was decided that a new party should be formed under a new name and the fight for revolution should be carried forward. The new party was named – Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Azad was made its commander in chief. The motivational sentence of the organization was made – our fight will continue till the final decision is taken and that decision is victory or death.
Saunders murder and assembly bomb
As soon as the party became active, they carried out some such incidents that the British government once again fell behind them. To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh decided to kill Saunders and Chandrashekhar Azad supported him. After this, Bhagat Singh, influenced by the Irish Revolution, decided to explode the bomb in the assembly and Azad again supported him. After these incidents, the British government put full force in catching these revolutionaries and the party once again disintegrated. Azad also tried to free Bhagat Singh but did not succeed. Even when almost all the people of the party were arrested, Azad was able to dodge the British government continuously. Biography of Bhagat Singh Read it here.
Alfred Park and the Azad Warrior
The British government sentenced Rajguru, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev to death, and Azad was trying to get his sentence reduced or commuted to life imprisonment. He reached Allahabad for one such effort. The police came to know about this and thousands of policemen surrounded the Alfred Park in which they were and asked them to surrender but Azad thought it right to be martyred while fighting. His last rites were also performed by the British government without any notice. People came to know that those who came on the streets, it seemed as if Ganga ji had left the Sangam and came on the streets of Allahabad. People started worshiping the tree where this great revolutionary breathed his last. On that day the whole world saw how India had given her hero a final farewell.