Biography of Guru Arjan Dev, Martyr’s Day |Guru Arjan Dev Bio

Guru Arjan Dev Introduction of Life, Martyr’s Day 2022 ,jubilee ,Biography, History, Story, Death (Guru Arjan Dev Biography In English, history, family, story, Death,Guru Arjan Dev ji shaheedi diwas 2022,Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji)

Guru Arjan Dev is the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. He became the first martyr of Sikhism and every year on 16 June the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev is remembered.

This day is marked in his honor and is celebrated since 1606. Let us read some interesting facts about Guru Arjan Dev.

Biography of Guru Arjan Dev

Name Guru Arjan Dev
Nick Name Martyr’s Sartaj,
Martyrs’ Crown
Famous for fifth guru of sikhism
Date of birth April 15, 1563
Place of born Goindwal Sahib, Tarn Taran, India
Date of Death 30 May 1606
Place of Death Lahore, Pakistan
Age 43 years (at the time of death)
Guruship (1581-1606)
On 1 September 1581 at the age of 18
Hometown Goindwal Sahib, Tarn Taran, India
Religion Sikh
Citizenship Indian
Marital Status married
Date Of Marriage , June 19, 1589

Birth of Guru Arjan Dev ,

Guru Arjan Dev was born on April 15, 1563 in Goindwal Sahib, Tarn Taran, India. His father’s name was Guru Ramdas and mother’s name was Mata Bhani. Arjan Dev’s maternal grandfather “Guru Amardas” and father “Guru Ramdas” were the third and fourth Gurus of the Sikhs respectively.

Guru Arjan Dev was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and had two elder brothers Prithvi Chand and Mahadev.

The eldest brother Prithvi Chand was ambitious and flawed, the second brother Mahadev was like a sage and had no interest in worldly activities.

Guru Arjan Dev was obedient, sensitive, devoted to the prayers of God, a learned poet and a young man of calm and pious nature.

Education of Guru Arjan Dev ,

Arjan Dev was taken care of under the supervision of great men like Guru Amar Das and Guru Baba Buddha Ji. He received Gurumukhi education from Guru Amardas, Goindwal Sahib from Dharamsala, Devanagari, Sanskrit from Pandit Beni and his uncle Mohri, Mathematics. Apart from this, he also learned the method of “Dhyana” from his uncle Mohan.

Guru Arjan Dev’s Family ,

Father’s name guru ram das
Mother’s name mata bhani
Brother’s name Prithvi Chand, Mahadev
Wife’s name Mata Ganga
Children’s Names Hargobind Singh

guru arjan dev marriage ,

Guru Arjan Dev was married to Mata Ganga on June 19, 1589. She was the daughter of brother Krishan Chand of Mau village, 10 km west of Phillaur in the Indian state of Punjab.

His son’s name was Hargobind Singh, who became the sixth Guru of the Sikhs after Guru Arjan Dev. In 1581 AD, the fourth Guru Ramdas appointed Arjan Dev as the fifth Guru of the Sikhs in his place.

Abhishek of Guru Arjan Dev as the fifth Guru ,

Arjan Dev was anointed as the fifth Guru on 1 September 1581 at the age of 18 in Gondwal. Guru Arjan Dev Ji brought many changes in the spiritual and temporal aspects of the Sikh community.

How the Golden Temple was built , construction of golden temple Who got it done?

In 1588 AD, Arjan Dev laid the foundation of Harmandar Sahib in the middle of the Amritsar pond which was built by Guru Ramdas and is today known as Golden Temple.

Let us tell you that for this Guru Arjan Dev had invited a Muslim saint of Lahore, Mian Mir, to lay the foundation stone of the present Golden Temple Harmandar.

The doors on the four sides of the building signify the acceptance of the four castes and every religion. The map of this temple, about 400 years old, was prepared by Guru Arjan Dev himself.

Guru Arjan Dev Guru Arjan Dev Work

He compiled the bani (religious literature) of Sikh masters and other prominent sages into a holy scripture – the Adi Granth. Guru Arjan Dev placed a copy of the Adi Granth in the Purna Harimandir Sahib temple on August 16, 1604 and appointed Baba Buddha as the first granthi.

Screenshot 400
Works of Guru Arjan Ji

He himself also contributed more than 2,000 hymns, more than a third and Guru Granth Sahib I had the largest collection of hymns. He was also the author of the famous Sukhmani Sahib Bani.

Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev ,

Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred in 1606 because Emperor Jahangir suspected him of supporting a rival to the Emperor’s throne after the death of Emperor Akbar.

After Akbar’s death, his son Salim took the name Jahangir, or ruler of the world, and ascended the throne. He was deeply saddened by the growing influence of Guru Arjan Dev.

At that time his son Khusro revolted against him and he took advantage of the opportunity and ordered the arrest of the Guru on the false charge of providing aid to Khusrau.

His great-grandfather Babar had earlier imprisoned Sri Guru Nanak Dev for traveling across the country to awaken the Hindus who had lost hope of revival at that time.

11 50 057390927arjan dev g 2
Guru Arjan Singh soaking in hot boiling water

Emperor Jahangir imprisoned Guru Arjan Dev Ji and later handed it over to Murtaza Khan (an officer of Jahangir) to put Guru Arjan Dev Ji to death. To Guru Arjan Dev Ji laid on a scorching iron plate and their pouring boiling sand on the body went and In hot boiling water, they were immersed ,

arjun 3
Guru Arjan Singh sitting on a scorching iron plate

The death of Sri Guru Arjan Dev was finally planned by Jahangir after brutal torture but he failed in all his missions to convert the Guru to Islam, instead the Guru chose a courageous martyrdom for himself. His martyrdom is considered an important event in the history of Sikhism.

According to Sikh tradition, before his execution, Guru Arjan instructed his son and successor Hargobind to take up arms and protest the tyranny. His execution armed the Sikh sect and followed resistance to persecution under Islamic rule.

He was tortured for many days with the name of God on his lips. Thereafter, the Guru was allowed to take a bath in the Ravi river. On May 30, 1606, Guru Arjan Dev entered the river and was never seen again.

Gurdwara Dera Sahib –

Guru Arjun Dev was the first martyr of Sikhism. Gurdwara Dera Sahib (now in Pakistan) has been built in the Ravi river at the place where the body of Guru Arjun Dev Ji had disappeared. Shri Guru Arjun Dev Ji is remembered for his humility. He was a very calm and virtuous person.

When is the martyrdom day of Guru Arjan Dev celebrated? (Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji)

Guru Arjan Dev is the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. He became the first martyr of Sikhism and every year on 16 June the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev is remembered.

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