Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan | Jayaprakash Narayan Biography in hindi



Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan | Jayaprakash Narayan (Lok Nayak) Biography in hindi

India is a democratic nation, the wonder right here lies in its variations. Whenever there’s any type of risk to the democracy right here, revolutions happen and democracy is made free once more. One such democratic risk was the Emergency issued by Indira Gandhi. At this time, Jayaprakash Narayan had expressed his sturdy protest in opposition to this determination of the federal government. His title is the title of revolution in Indian politics. People additionally name him JP. Patna airport in Bihar has been named after him. Here particular issues associated to his life are being described.

Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan

Full Name Jai Prakash Narayan
date of start 11 October 1903
start place A state in Eastern India
dying 8 October 1979
Father Harsu Dayal Srivastava
Mother flower queen goddess
spouse prabhavati Devi
citizenship Indian
Party Indian National Congress, Janata Party
jail go to 7 March 1940
Prize Bharat Ratna, Ramon Magsaysay

Jayaprakash Narayan Early Life

He was born on 11 October 1903 in Sitabdiara in the fast Saran district of Bihar. His home was located on the banks of Ghaghra river in Lala Tola, the place floods hold coming day by day. Because of this, their home is affected by floods in a way or the opposite. Because of this, his household moved away from this place in childhood and moved a number of kilometers additional, this fast place now falls in Uttar Pradesh. He was born in a Kayastha household. His father’s title was Harshu Dayala and mom’s title was Phool Rani Devi. His father was working in the canal division of the state authorities.

Jay Prakash Narayan

Jayaprakash Narayan Education

At the time when he was 9 years previous, he got here to Patna and enrolled himself in the seventh normal. It was throughout his faculty days that he began studying magazines like Saraswati, Prabha and Pratap. At the identical time he learn a e book like Bharat Bharti. He began studying the works of nice writers like Maithilisharan Gupta and Bharatendu Harishchandra, which used to explain the heroic tales of many Rajput heroes. on the similar time he Priceless phrases of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita Shri Krishna studied. Due to this there was rather a lot of growth in his mental capability and he wrote an essay titled ‘The Present State of Hinchi in Bihar’. This essay obtained the ‘Best Assay Award’ in an essay competitors. He developed very effectively throughout his faculty days and in the 12 months 1918 he completed his faculty coaching and received the certificates of ‘State Public Matriculation Examination’.

Jayaprakash Narayan Personal Life Biography in hindi

In October 1920, he was married to Prabhavati Devi, daughter of Braj Kishore Prasad. At the time of their marriage, she was 18 years previous and Prabhavati Devi was 14 years previous. This age was thought of widespread for marriage at the moment. After marriage, since he was a employee in Patna, it was not potential for him to reside together with his spouse. At this time, on the invitation of Mahatma Gandhi, his spouse joined Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram. At the identical time, Mahatma Gandhi was doing a non-cooperation motion in opposition to the Rowlatt Act issued by the British Government. He additionally joined those that listened to Maulana Azad’s speech in this motion. In this speech, Maulana Azad had requested the individuals to desert the training of the British rule. Jaiprakash Narayan was very impressed by Maulana’s arguments and returned to Patna and left the faculty 20 days earlier than the examination. After this, he enrolled himself in the faculty Bihar Vidyapeeth established by Dr. Rajendra Prasad and have become one of the primary college students of Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha.

Jayaprakash Narayan Education in USA

He was very excited to get training. After finishing his course at Vidyapeeth, he deliberate to pursue his greater training in the United States of America. After this, on the age of solely 20 years, he left for America by a cargo ship named Janus. At this time Prabhavati Devi was in the ashram of Mahatma Gandhi in Sabarmati itself. Jayaprakash reached California on 8 October 1922. After this, in January 1923, he received admission in Berkeley. At this time, he didn’t get any type of monetary help from wherever, so to pay his training charges at the moment, he did the work of washing dishes in a mill manufacturing facility, generally in lodges, generally in storage. Even after this, difficulties arose in his training. Berkley’s charges had been doubled and he needed to go away this college and enroll himself in the ‘University of Loya’. Even after this, he needed to get his admission in many various universities every so often resulting from lack of cash. He studied Sociology throughout his training, which was his favourite topic. At the time of this examine, he obtained rather a lot of assist from Professor Edward Ross.

While learning in Wisconsin, he received a chance to learn ‘Das Kapital’ by Karl Marx. At the identical time, he was enormously influenced by Marxism in 1917 by the information of the successes of the Russian Revolution. After this, he mentioned Marxism with Indian communists as effectively. During his research, when he wrote his sociology paper ‘Social Variation’, it proved to be the very best paper of the 12 months on this topic.

Political Contribution of Jayaprakash Narayan

He has contributed rather a lot to Indian politics. He got here to India from America after ending his greater training in the 12 months 1929. His ideology had turn into utterly Marxist. After coming to India, he joined the Indian National Congress. At this time, Mahatma Gandhi grew to become his guru in the Congress and he continued to study political qualities. He lived in the identical home together with his particular pal Ganga Sharan Singh in Kadamkuan, Patna. There was rather a lot of friendship between these two. During the 12 months 1932, in the course of the civil disobedience motion in opposition to the British authorities, the British police put him in jail. The British authorities stored him in Nashik jail the place he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Meenu Mastani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Baswon Sinha, Yusuf Desai, CK Narayanaswamy and different nationwide degree leaders. By assembly all this, the Left Party was shaped in the Congress, which was referred to as the Congress Socialist Party. The president of this social gathering was Acharya Narendra Dev and the final secretary was Jayaprakash Narayan.

of the 12 months 1942 Quit India Movement When these leaders had been arrested once more, they had been stored in Hazaribagh jail. At this time, alongside together with his different revolutionary companions like Yogendra Shukla, Suraj Narayan Singh, Gulab Chand Gupta, Ramnandan Mishra, Shaligram Singh and so on., he began planning the liberty actions contained in the jail. During the Quit India Movement, he actively participated in the motion, resulting from which he began getting fame among the many individuals. After India grew to become unbiased, he was made the President of ‘All India Railwaymen’s Federation’. This social gathering is the most important labor social gathering of India. He served in this submit from 1947 to 1953.

Jayaprakash Narayan Bihar Movement

In the 12 months 1960, seeing the political scenario in India, he determined to return to politics. In the 12 months 1974, the scenario in the nation had turn into very unhealthy. People weren’t getting employment, requirements weren’t being out there, the federal government was utterly canceled. At such a time, the nation wanted a brand new revolution. Jayaprakash Narayan took over the reins of the Navnirman motion in Gujarat on the similar time. At the age of 72, he began a silent procession in Patna on 8 April 1974. In this procession, the federal government had showered sticks. After this, on June 5, he organized a giant assembly at Gandhi Maidan in Patna. While addressing this assembly, he had mentioned that this can be a revolution, now we have not come right here solely to see the merger of the fast meeting, however it’s the first cease on our method.

Even after 27 years of India’s independence, the individuals of the nation are struggling and troubled by inflation, starvation, corruption and so on. There isn’t any justice wherever in the nation. At this time the nation wants whole revolution. In the 12 months 1974, he began the scholar motion together with the scholars of Bihar. This motion continued to develop and aside from the scholars, widespread individuals additionally began becoming a member of it. This motion later got here to be referred to as Bihar Movement. Jayaprakash Narayan gave the title of ‘Peaceful Total Revolution’ to those necessary actions.

Jayaprakash Narayan in Emergency

During the Emergency, Indira Gandhi was convicted by the Allahabad Court for breaking the Electoral Act. On this, he demanded the resignation of Indira Gandhi and the Chief Ministers of different Congress dominated states. He appealed to the army and police to not settle for the immoral and unconstitutional choices of the federal government. On 25 June 1975, Indira Gandhi declared emergency in India. At this time, occasions had been occurring for the entire revolution of Narayan throughout the nation. On this present day, he and the principle individuals related to this motion had been arrested. Biography of Indira Gandhi Read right here.

After this, he made a number of repetitions of Rashtrakavi Dinkar’s poem ‘Elevate the throne that the individuals come’ whereas addressing 100,000 individuals at Ramlila Maidan in protest in opposition to the federal government. After this he was once more arrested by the federal government and stored in Chandigarh. At this time there was flood in Bihar. They demanded parole for one month from the federal government in order that they might take inventory of the floods, nevertheless it couldn’t occur. Meanwhile his well being began deteriorating. His well being instantly deteriorated on 24 October. After this, he was launched on 12 November, from the place he was taken to Jaslok Hospital for prognosis. It was right here that he got here to know that he has received kidney associated issues and for the remainder of his life he’ll at all times should take the assistance of prognosis.

After this, Suroor Hoda launched the ‘Free JP’ marketing campaign in the United Kingdom. The marketing campaign was led by Nobel Laureate Noel Baker, whose intention was to get Jayaprakash Narayan launched from jail. After virtually 2 years, Indira Gandhi lifted the Emergency from the nation on 18 January 1977 and elections had been introduced. At the time of this election, the Janata Party was shaped underneath his management and likewise gained the election. It was about to occur for the primary time in the nation {that a} non-Congress authorities got here on the middle. It is price noting that at the moment the youth of the nation additionally received woke up in the direction of politics and lots of youths related themselves with this motion of Jayaprakash.

Jayaprakash Narayan Death

He died on 8 October 1979, simply three days earlier than his birthday. The fundamental causes of his dying had been diabetes and coronary heart associated problems. At this time his age was 77 years previous.

Jayaprakash Narayan Awards

The persona of Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan doesn’t require any type of award. But he has given his complete life in the service of the nation. He obtained awards on the world degree, right here the main points of the awards he obtained are being given.

  • In the 12 months 1999, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna Award by the Government of India.
  • He was honored with the Rashtra Bhushan Award from the FIE Foundation.
  • His expertise was acknowledged by the foreigners even earlier than the individuals of India. Because of this, he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in the 12 months 1965 for doing public service.

Therefore, whether or not India’s independence motion or political motion, Jaiprakash Narayan at all times contributed to the service of the nation. Due to this he needed to endure many tortures, however he didn’t hand over. Even at present many politicians use his title in their speeches. Indian politics has at all times wanted individuals with such revolutionary personalities. Even at present, the youth of the nation tries to register their function in Indian politics by taking inspiration from them.

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