Biography of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Kazi Nazrul Islam’s biography, biography, age, death, family, awards, death. Kazi Nazrul Islam Biography, Family ,Death ,Poet ,History in English

Kazi Nazrul Islam was a Bangladeshi poet, writer, musician and the national poet of Bangladesh. Nazrul is considered one of the greatest poets in Bengali literature.

Popularly known as Nazrul, he composed a vast array of poetry, music, messages, novels, stories, etc., which included equality, justice, anti-imperialist, humanity, rebellion against oppression and religious devotion.

Come read the article to know about the biography, age and family of Kazi Nazrul Islam – Who is he?

Biography of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Real Name Kazi Nazrul Islam
Nickname comet
Date of birth 25 May 1899
Place of born Churulia, West Bengal, India
Date of Death 29 August 1976
Place of Death Dhaka, Bangladesh
Death Cause long standing disease
Age 77 years (at the time of death)
Education Graduate
school ,school, Darirampur School in Trishal
University Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University
Hometown Churulia, West Bengal, India
Profession poet, short-story writer
music director, novelist
essayist, soldier
rank in the army sergeant
Unit (Unit) 49th Bengal Regiment
Language Bengali, Urdu, Persian and Arabic
Citizenship British Indian (1899 – 14 August 1947)
Indian (15 August 1947 – 18 February 1976)
Bangladeshi (18 February 1976–29 August 1976)
Religion Islam
Citizenship Indian
Marital Status married
wedding date (Marriage Date) 25 April 1924

Birth of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Bengali poet Kazi Nazrul Islam was born on 25 May 1899 in a modest family in Churulia village of West Bengal. He was one of four children born to Qazi Fakir Ahmed and Zaheda Khatoon. His father was an imam and caretaker of his local mosque.

Kazi Nazrul Islam education of ,

Kazi Nazrul Islam did his education at the Darirampur School in Trishal (today known as Nazrul Academy Darirampur High School) as well as studied literature and music at the ethnic Qazi Nazrul Islam University.

Kazi Nazrul Islam family of ,

Father’s name Qazi Fakir Ahmed
Mother’s name Zaheda Khatoon
Brother ,Sister Name (Sibling) not known
Wife’s name Pramila Devi
Children’s Names 4 sons – Krishna Mohammed and Bulbul (died in childhood)
Sabyasachi and Anirudh

Kazi Nazrul Islam married, wife ,

Kazi Nazrul married Pramila Devi on 25 April 1924. The couple had four sons. Their first two sons, Krishna Mohammed and Bulbul, died in their youth. Two more sons, Sabyasachi (born 1928) and Aniruddha (born 1931) were born.

Early Life of Kazi Nazrul Islam

After his father’s death in 1908, Nazrul took up his job as a caretaker at a local mosque, and he also took on various tasks to support the family.

Nazru El then joined a theatrical group run by a family member where he wrote folk plays for a team of artists.

In 1917, Nazrul signed up for the British Army and was part of the 49th Bengal Regiment. He continued his self-education: writing, exploring Persian poetry and composing music. The life of a vagabond was published in May 1919 and in the same year his poem was published by Freedom which appeared in Bengali Muslim Literary Journal in July 1919.

Kazi Nazrul of Islam career,

Nazrul left the army after three years and settled in Kolkata, working for the Bengali Muslim Literary Society. In 1920 his first novel Freedom from Bondage was published, and he also released a collection of poems. Both his poetry and prose were well received and established him as a writer. During this time he met Rabindranath and he was very impressed with him.

Nazrul published Bidrohi in 1922 and this poem made his name. In the same year he started publishing a magazine called Comet.

Political poetry published in the magazine resulted in his arrest in September 1922. He was imprisoned in Kolkata and began a thirty-day fast in protest.

After his release in December 1923, Nazrul’s work mirrored his prison time, and some of his works were banned as a result.

Nazrul was critical of the Indian National Congress for not fighting for political independence from Britain. Being more politically active, he Swaraj Dal was a founding member of the party. And associated with the party was the publisher and editor of Langal.

In 1930 his book Pralay Shikha was banned and sent to jail on charges of treason. Later, after negotiations on the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, he was released. Another collection of essays, Modern World Literature, was published in 1933 and he continued to produce songs, many of which were based on classical ragas.

Nazrul was the first muslin director of a Bengali film, who made Dhruva Bhakta which was based on one of his plays. He was also the music director for the film Gora, based on Tagore’s novel, and worked in the music department of Calcutta Radio.

Nazrul was against bigotry in any form and promoted equality, humanism and harmony in his writings. These beliefs have sometimes led to criticism from the fundamentalists.

Kazi Nazrul of Islam later years of life

Nazrul was the editor of New Age newspaper since 1940. His friend and mentor Rabindranath Tagore died in August 1941 and he wrote “Rabi Hara” in his honor.

In the early 1940s, Nazrul fell ill with various symptoms as well as depression. He was admitted to the hospital in 1942.

By 1952 he was suffering from his own symptoms, including depression. Nazrul was sent to Vienna for evaluation and was diagnosed with Pick’s disease by a neurosurgeon. Pick is an incurable disorder that involves shrinking of the frontal and temporal anterior lobes of the brain.

Nazrul returned to Kolkata with his wife in late 1953. His wife died in 1962. With the blessings of the Government of India, Nazrul moved to Dhaka, Bangladesh in May 1972 where he was awarded citizenship.

Kazi Nazrul Islam passes away ,

1939 AD Nazrul’s wife Jaya Pramila was paralyzed. A few years later, in 1942, the poet Nazrul himself became paralyzed and lost his voice.

Year 1953 – Nazrul’s wife was sent to Europe for treatment. 1972 AD Bangabandhu Mujibur Rahman took the poet to Bangladesh and arranged for his treatment. But it is the misfortune of the country that the silent poet has not been able to take back his voice.

In 1975, on the day of martyrdom, the Government of Bangladesh honored Nazrul with the Ekushi Medal. On 29 June 1976, the rebel Nazrul breathed his last in Dhaka. There he was buried with state honours.

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