Biography of Kittur Rani Chennamma | Kittur Rani Chennamma History

Biography of Kittur Rani Chennamma Kittur Rani Chennamma History

Tell you the story of a heroine, who fought with the British. Whose fire of revolution ignited the flame of freedom struggle in India. Who adopted a son to protect his kingdom because the husband had died after a short time of marriage. The one who took the army against the British’s prohibition policy and entered the battle field. If you are thinking about Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi somewhere after reading all these facts, then you are wrong. We are actually talking about the Queen Chennamma of Kittur who appeared on the great Indian scene about 56 years before Rani Lakshmibai. Rani Laxmi Bai Biography Read it here.


Biography of Kittur Rani Chennamma ( Kittur Rani Chennamma History ,

Childhood And combat skills ,Rani Chennamma life history,

Rani Chennamma was born on 23 October 1778 in Belgaum, Karnataka. Since childhood, Chennamma was fond of fencing, horse riding and martial arts. Being born in a royal family, Chennamma also got a chance to fulfill these hobbies. She taught these arts with so much enthusiasm, she became famous because of her fighting skills while young.

Rani Chennamma wedding And legitimacy –

Due to Rani Chennamma’s fighting skills and abilities, she married Raja Mallasarj of the Desai family of Kittur State in Karnataka. Some time passed happily but after that a mountain of sorrows broke on Chennamma. King Mallasarj died. After some time, the son of Rani Chennamma also died. In such a situation, the crisis of the position of the king arose in front of the state. The throne of Kittur became vacant. To fill it, Rani Chennamma adopted a son.

Rani Chennamma Lap prohibition Policy And struggle –

A problem arose when she was announced as the heir to the throne by adopting a son, who gave Ran Chennamma the distinction of becoming the heroine of the Indian freedom struggle. In those days, the whole of India including Karnataka was ruled by the British. Lord Dalhousie, the governor of the British East India Company, announced a policy of prohibition of adoption. According to this policy, the dynasties of India which did not have heirs to sit on the throne, were taken over by the British East India Company. In fact, the British had made this policy to overthrow the Indian kings and grab the state.

Because of this policy, the placement of the adopted son of Queen Chennamma on the throne of Kittur was an exasperation for the Britishers. He called it against the rules and forbade Rani Chennamma for it. Earlier, an attempt was made to resolve this issue through talks but it did not work out. Rani Chennamma tried to talk to the Governor of the Bombay Presidency, seeing that the talks with the British officials in Kittur were unsuccessful. This did not yield any result because the British wanted to capture Kittur by any means. The British had made up their mind to loot the valuable treasure of Kittur. Kittur’s treasury contained valuable ornaments, jewelery and gold, which the British wanted to seize. According to an estimator, the value of Kittur’s treasury at that time was 15 lakh rupees. The British refused to accept the adopted child as the heir to the throne. This refusal made the conflict between Kittur and the British inevitable.

of Rani Chennamma British Of with Hard struggle –

When it was decided that the British would not agree, Rani Chennamma decided to fight. She was the first queen who began preparations for the formation of an army to fight the British East India Company. The British came to know about this and in 1924, the armies of both came face to face. A struggle whose result was already known to everyone, a small state like Kittur challenged the British Empire, but this issue was not about the result, but of living and dying in freedom. Rani Chennamma decided that either she would live free or else she would die fighting. In this battle, the British saw the fighting skills of the Indian woman. At first his senses were blown away but later the help coming from behind took over him. In the end, the British won this battle with their large army and modern weapons.

to Rani Chennamma British heavier than Harm –

The British won the battle but Rani Chennamma did so much damage to them that they could not recover from the Battle of Kittur for a long time. In this battle, the British resorted to an army of 20 thousand soldiers and 400 guns. The British army suffered heavy losses in the first round of the war, and John Thawkerai, the British agent and collector of that treasure, was put to death. Balappa, the chief general of Chennamma, forced the British army to retreat once. Sir Walter Elliot and M. Stevenson, two prominent officers of the British Army, were arrested. After the battle of this period, the British officials demanded a settlement and under the agreement, these two British officers were released. The war was postponed. Meanwhile, another British officer, Chaplin, continued to fight on other fronts. In the second round also Kittur’s army showed bravery and Solapur’s sub-collector Munro was killed while fighting. Due to the protracted battle and the gradual depletion of limited resources, in the end, Rani Chennamma had to face defeat and the British arrested her and imprisoned her in the fort of Belhongal. Where he breathed his last on February 21, 1829. In this great war, Rani Chennamma got a lot of local help. For her bravery, the people of Karnataka worshiped her as a heroine. Kittur festival is celebrated every year from 22 to 24 October in his memory. A statue has also been installed in his honor at the Parliament House in New Delhi. Apart from this, statues of Rani Chennamma have also been made in Bangalore and Kittur to pay respect to Rani Chennamma in Karnataka. Even today, evidences of the valor of this great woman can be seen and felt in the palace of Kittur and other historical buildings. Many others took inspiration from the freedom he ignited. The contribution to Rani Chennamma can never be forgotten. She is not only a symbol of female power but she is also a source of inspiration that to live life on your own terms is of little value.


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