Swami Dayanand Saraswati Biography and 2022 Jayanti
Swami Dayanand Saraswati who is revered as the founder of Arya Samaj. He was a great patriot and guide, who gave new direction and energy to the society through his works. Mahatma Gandhi Like many brave men were influenced by the thoughts of Swami Dayanand Saraswati. Swamiji was born on 12 February 1824. He was a brahmin by caste and he defined the word brahmin by his deeds. A brahmin is the one who is the worshiper of knowledge and the one who gives knowledge to the ignorant. Swamiji recited the Vedas and Upanishads throughout his life and benefited the people of the world from that knowledge. He called idol worship in vain. He described Vedic religion as the best by saying that God exists in the formless Omkar. In the year 1875, Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj. revolution of 1857 Even in this Swamiji made his invaluable contribution. He fought fiercely with the British rule and due to a conspiracy against him, he died on 30 October 1883.
Swami Dayanand Saraswati believed in Vedic religion. He always opposed the evils and superstitions prevalent in the nation. He explained to the society the new direction and importance of Vedic knowledge. He told the basic principle of life only by actions and fruits of deeds. He was a great thinker, he tried to remove the society from religious pomp with his thoughts. It was a great patriot who gave the message of Swarajya, which was later Bal Gangadhar Tilak adopted and gave the slogan of Swarajya is my birthright. Many great sons of the country were inspired by the thoughts of Swami Dayanand Saraswati ji and by following the path shown by him, those sons got freedom for the country.
Swami Dayanand Saraswati Biography
His initial name was Moolshankar Ambashankar Tiwari, he was born on 12 February 1824 in Tankara, Gujarat. He was from a Brahmin school. Father was a prosperous working person, so there was no shortage of money in the family.
|1||birth name||Moolshankar Tiwari|
|2||Birth||12 February 1824|
|3||mother-father||Amrit Bai – Ambashankar Tiwari|
|6||Work||Social reformer, founder of Arya Samaj|
After an incident, there was a change in his life and in 1846, at the age of 21, he chose the life of asceticism and left his home. The desire to know the truth of life was strong in him, due to which he was seeing worldly life as meaningless, that is why he did not speak his marriage proposal. There were many disputes between him and his father on this subject, but his father had to bow down in front of his strong will and determination. It was clear from his behavior that the art of protesting and expressing his views openly was inherent in him from birth. For this reason, he strongly opposed the British rule and made the country aware of Aryan language i.e. Hindi.
How Swamiji’s life changed?
Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s name was Moolshankar Tiwari, this was a simple person, who always followed the words of his father. Being a Brahmin by caste, the family was always engaged in religious rituals. Once on the festival of Mahashivratri, his father asked him to fast and worship with the law and also to observe the night Jagran fast. According to the instructions of the father, Moolshankar followed the fast, fasted for the whole day and sat down in the Shiva temple with a palanquin for the night awakening. At midnight, he saw a scene in the temple, in which a group of rats surrounded the idol of God and were eating all the Prasad. Then the question arose in the mind of Moolshankar ji, this idol of God is actually a stone rock, which cannot protect itself, what can we expect from it? That one incident made a huge impact in the life of Moolshankar and he left his home to attain self-knowledge and made himself Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati from Moolshankar Tiwari through knowledge.
Contribution to the Revolution of 1857:
After leaving home in 1846, he first started speaking against the British, during his tour of the country, he found that people also have resentment against the British rule, they just need proper guidance, so they gathered people. did the work. The great heroes of that time were also influenced by Swamiji. Tatya TopeThere were Nana Saheb Peshwa, Haji Mulla Khan, Bala Saheb etc., these people worked according to Swamiji. By making people aware, everyone was made a message carrier, so that mutual relations and solidarity came. For this work, he also made roti and lotus scheme and gave it to everyone. country’s independence Started adding for. First of all, he added sages and saints, so that through them the common man could be inspired for freedom.
Although the revolution of 1857 failed, Swamiji did not have any feelings of despair, he explained this to everyone. He believed that many years of slavery could not be met by a struggle, for this it could still take the same amount of time as has been spent in slavery till now. He assured that it is time to rejoice as the freedom struggle has started in a big way and the country will be free in the coming tomorrow. Such thoughts of his kept the spirits of the people awake. After this revolution, Swamiji started attaining Vedic knowledge by going to his guru Virjanand and infused new ideas in the country. Swamiji did the work of social upliftment only on the guidance of his Guru.
Importance of Guru in Life (Guru Imortance in life):
In the quest for knowledge, he met Swami Virjanand ji and made him his guru. It was Virjanand who got him to study the Vedic scriptures. Gave them the knowledge of Yoga Shastra. After getting knowledge from Virjanand ji, when Swami Dayanand ji asked him for Guru Dakshina, then Virjanand asked him to reform the society, work against the evils prevalent in the society, eradicate superstition, bring the importance of Vedic scriptures to the people, charity is religion. Tie its importance in difficult resolutions like explaining to everyone and called this resolution your Guru Dakshina.
After getting guidance from the Guru, Swami Dayanand Saraswati started touring the whole nation and spread the knowledge of Vedic scriptures. He had to face many adversities, humiliation, but he never changed his course. He studied the original texts of all religions and openly opposed the evils prevailing in them. Apart from Christianity, Muslim religion, he was also opposed to Sanatan Dharma. He considered the knowledge contained in the Vedas as paramount and certified. With these basic values, he founded the Arya Samaj.
Establishment of Arya Samaj:
In the year 1875 he gudi padwa day Arya Samaj was founded in Mumbai. The main religion of Arya Samaj was human religion. He described philanthropy, human service, work and knowledge as the main basis, whose aim was mental, physical and social progress. With such thoughts, Swamiji laid the foundation of Arya Samaj, which inspired many great scholars. Many opposed Swamiji, but no one could stand in front of his logical knowledge. Big scholars and pundits had to bow their heads before Swamiji. Similarly, in the darkness of superstition, Vedic light was felt by everyone.
Importance of Aryan Language (Hindi):
For the purpose of Vedic propagation, Swamiji used to give lectures in every part of the country, because of his fierceness in Sanskrit, his style was Sanskrit language only. Since childhood, he had started reading and understanding Sanskrit language, so he did not face any problem in reading the Vedas. Once he went to Calcutta and met Keshav Chandra Sen there. Keshav ji was also influenced by Swami ji, but he gave an advice to Swami ji that he should give his lectures in Aryan language i.e. Hindi, instead of in Sanskrit, so that his ideas could reach the scholars as well as the common man. Then from the year 1862 Swamiji started speaking Wiki and Hindi is the mother tongue of the country It was only after the Hindi language that Swamiji got many followers, who adopted his ideas. Arya Samaj was supported the most in Punjab province.
The lesson of unity and protest against the evils prevailing in the society:
Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati ji considered himself responsible towards the society and that is why he raised his voice against the evils and superstitions prevalent in him.
Child marriage protest
At that time the practice of child marriage was prevalent everywhere, everyone happily followed it. Then Swamiji awakened the people against this practice through the scriptures. He clarified that it is mentioned in the scriptures, the advance 25 years in human life is of brahmacharya, according to that child marriage is a practice Huh. He said that if child marriage takes place, that person becomes weak and due to weakness, gets premature death.
protest against the practice of sati;
Inhuman like dedicating the wife to the fire on her death bed along with the husband. sati system He also opposed them and taught the human race a sense of love, respect. Message of charity.
Such evil prevailing in the country which is still a part of the country. The status of widowed women is still struggling in the country. Dayanand Saraswati ji strongly condemned this and even at that time he gave his vote for remarriage with respect to women and made people aware of this.
Message of Unity:
Dayanand Saraswati ji had a dream, which is incomplete till date, he wanted to see all the religions and their followers sitting under the same flag. He believed that the third always takes advantage of mutual fight, so it is necessary to remove this distinction. For which he led many meetings but he could not tie Hindu, Muslim and Christian religions in one garland.
Opposing caste discrimination:
He always said that in the scriptures, there are no words of distinction, but the word system, according to which the four varnas are only an integral part of making the society smooth, in which no one is small, but all are invaluable. He talked about giving equal rights to all classes and opposed caste discrimination.
Women’s Education and Equality:
Swamiji always supported women power. She believed that women’s education is the development of society. He called women the basis of society. He said that discussions with women are necessary in every sphere of life, for which they need to be educated.
Conspiracy against Swamiji:
The British government was starting to fear Swamiji. Swamiji’s statement had a deep impact on the country, which he was seeing as his defeat, so he started monitoring Swamiji continuously. Swamiji had never given up in front of the British government and his officers, but instead took a sarcasm on his face, due to which the British government started doubting his own power in front of Swamiji and for this reason started making efforts to kill him. Many times Swamiji was poisoned, but Swamiji was proficient in yoga and hence nothing happened to him.
In 1883, Swami Dayanand Saraswati went to the Maharaja of Jodhpur. Raja Yashwant Singh treated him with great respect. Heard many of his lectures. One day when King Yashwant was busy with a dancer little Jaan, Swami ji saw all this and because of his clear oratory, he opposed it and in a calm voice explained to Yashwant Singh that on one hand you want to join religion and on the other. On the other hand, if you are embraced by such luxuries, it is impossible to attain knowledge. Swamiji’s words had a deep impact on Yashwant Singh and he ended his relationship with the little life. Due to this, the little soul got angry with Swamiji and along with the cook mixed pieces of glass in Swamiji’s food, due to which Swamiji’s health became very bad. At the same time the treatment started, but Swamiji did not get relief. The cook accepted his mistake and apologized. Swamiji forgave him. After that he was sent to Ajmer on 26 October, but the condition did not improve and he took leave from the world on 30 October 1883.
During his 59 years of life, Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati ji awakened the people against the evils prevailing in the nation and spread new light in the country with his Vedic knowledge. As a saint, he had the power to take deep sarcasm with calm speech and his fearless nature communicated Swaraj in the country.
When is Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti in 2022? (Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati jayanti 2022
Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti will be celebrated on 26 February this year.