Biography of Ravana. , Ravana Biography in English

Biography of Ravana, biography or biography of Lankapati Ravana {Ravana Biography in English}

Ravana was the king of Lanka and one of the most powerful warriors of Ramayana. Ravana had ten heads, due to which he was also named Dashanan.

Ravana is widely regarded as a symbol of evil but he also possessed many qualities that make him a scholar. It is said that Ravana was the knower of six scriptures and four Vedas.

biography of ravana

Full Name Ravana
surname Lankapati, Dashanan and
Birth Treta Yuga
father’s name Vishrava
Mother’s name kaikashi
siblings Kumbhakarna, Vibhishana, Khar,
Lord Kubera, Ahiravan,
Wife Mandodari and Dhanyamalini
children Indrajit, Atikaya,
Akshay Kumar, Narantak,
Devantak, Thrissur

Ravana was a great devotee of Lord Shiva, an erudite politician, a majestic, mighty warrior, extremely powerful, a great scholar. During the reign of Ravana, the splendor of Lanka was at its peak and his palace was made entirely of gold, that is why his Lanka was also called the city of gold or the city of gold.

Biography of Ravana. , Ravana Biography in English

Ravana was born in Treta Yuga to the great sage Vishrava and his wife, the demon princess Kaikasi. Ravana had two wives, but somewhere there is a mention of three wives of Ravana. The name of Ravana’s first wife was Mandodari, who was the daughter of the demon king Mayasura. The name of the second wife of Ravana was Dhanyamalini and the name of the third wife is unknown.

Ravana had seven sons from three wives; Whose names were Indrajit, Atikaya, Akshaykumar, Narantaka, Devantaka, Trishira and Prahasta.

boon to ravana

After doing penance for thousands of years, Ravana was blessed with immortality from Lord Brahma, but there was no nectar on his navel. Ravana had also got this boon that God, demons, eunuchs and Gandharvas could not kill him. But he had forgotten to seek protection from humans.

mythological references

The mention of Ravana is found in Ramayana, Mahabharata, Padma Purana, Shrimad Bhagwat Purana, Kurma Purana, Anand Ramayana, Dashavatarcharit etc. Different types of mentions are found in different texts about the rise of Ravana.

According to Shrimad Bhagavata Purana and Padma Purana, Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu were born as Ravana and Kumbhakarna in their second life.

According to Valmiki Ramayana, Ravana was the son of Vishrava. Vishrava had two wives named Varvarnini and Kaikasi. Kubera was born from Varvarnini and Ravana was born from Kaikasi.

In the Bhagavata Purana, Ravana and his brother, Kumbhakarna, are said to be the reincarnations of Jaya and Vijaya, the gatekeepers of Vaikuntha, the abode of Vishnu, who were cursed to be born on earth for their stubbornness. These gatekeepers had refused the entry of Sanatha Kumar monks, for their humiliation, the monks expelled them from Vaikuntha and cursed them to be born on earth. Vishnu agreed that he should be punished. He was given two options, that he could be born seven times as ordinary mortals and devotees of Vishnu, or three times as powerful and strong people, but as enemies of Vishnu. Eager to be back with Prabhu, they choose the latter option. Ravana and his brother Kumbhakarna were born as enemies of Vishnu in Treta Yuga to fulfill the curse.

ten heads of ravana

The talk of Ravana having ten heads is found in the Ramayana, it is also described in the Ramcharitmanas that the head which Lord Rama cut off with his arrow, again a second head emerged in its place. In this way Ravana was killed on the tenth day i.e. on the tenth day of Shukla Paksha.

Killing of Ravana

Ravana kidnapped Lord Rama’s wife Sita and took her with him to the kingdom of Lanka, where he kept Goddess Sita in the Ashoka Vatika. Later, Lord Rama attacked Ravana in Lanka with the support of the monkey king Sugriva and his army of monkeys. Lord Rama killed Ravana and saved his wife Sita.

10 names of Ravana

Ravana has many other popular names as well, such as Dasis Ravana, Dasis Savithi Maha Ravana, Dashanan, Ravula, Lankapati, Lankeshwar, Lankeswaran, Ravanasura, Ravanaeswaran and Ila Vendhara.

Frequently Asked Questions

When was Lankapati Ravana born?

Ravana was born in Treta Yuga to the great sage Vishrava and his wife, the demon princess Kaikasi.

Who killed Ravana?

Lord Shri Ram killed Ravana.

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