History and biography of Gulzari Lal Nanda. Gulzarilal Nanda biography and history in hindi

Gulzarilal Nanda biography and history in hindicaste, birth, death

Gulzari Lal Nanda was a great politician, educationist and economist. Those who had seen the politics of India closely, as well as they did not allow the country to disintegrate by taking the command of the country in their hands during the bad times of the country. Gulzarilal Nanda was the fourth Prime Minister of India, but he was second only to Jawaharlal Nehru (because Jawaharlal Nehru held the position of Prime Minister for three consecutive times after independence from 1947). Gulzari Lal ji was very devoted to the Congress party.

gulzarilal nanda

Biography of Gulzari Lal Nanda

Birth and family of Gulzarilal Nanda (Gulzarilal Nanda Short biography) –

life introduction point gulzari lal nanda biography
Full Name Gulzarilal Nanda
Birth 4 July 1898
birth place Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan
Religion Hindu
Caste Khatri
mother-father Ishwar Devi Nanda, Bulaki Ram Nanda
wife Laxmi Devi
Children 2 sons 1 daughter
death 15 January 1998

When was Gulzari Lal Nanda born?

4 July 1898

History of Gulzarilal Nanda

Gulzari Lal ji was born in Silaikote, Punjab (Pakistan). His father’s name was Bulaki Ram Nanda and his mother’s name was Ishwar Devi Nanda. He belonged to a Hindu Punjabi family. His early education was done in Lahore, Agra and Amritsar. And higher education was completed from ‘Formen Christian College’ of Lahore and University of Allahabad. Gulzari Lal ji did his graduation in the Faculty of Arts and Law. He also obtained a Research Scholar degree from Allahabad University.

After partition, his place of birth started coming to Silaikot in Pakistan. Gulzari Lal’s childhood was passed from Lahore to Amritsar and from Agra to Allahabad. At the age of 18, he married Lakshmidevi in ​​1916. He was a very simple and sincere person. Gulzari Lal Ji Mahatma Gandhi thoughts of were greatly influenced by. He always followed them with complete devotion. Nanda ji served India from the heart, for which he never demanded anything in return, he never misused his position like other politicians, he kept himself away from all kinds of happiness that the Prime Minister got. . He had maintained the dignity of his post very well.

Gulzari Lal Nanda Personal Life

India’s independence He made immense contribution in this, he was always devoted to the country. In 1921 he Mahatma Gandhi Participated in the ‘Non-cooperation-movement’ under the leadership of . He worked as a teacher of economics in the National College of Bombay. As a teacher, he received a lot of affection from the students. From 1922-1946, he served as the secretary of the Labor Association in the textile industry of Ahmedabad. they labor problem Always understood and maintained them. Despite having a good job as a professor, Gulzari Lal ji left his job and jumped into the freedom struggle and in 1932 ‘Satyagraha MovementWhile participating in ‘, he also had to bear the torture of jail. in 1942 During Quit India Movement He was arrested, where he had to stay in jail for 2 years.

Gulzari Lal Nanda Political Career –

He was a member of the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1937-1939, at which time he handled the Ministry of Labor and Housing. During this tenure, Nanda ji got the ‘Labour Disputes Bill’ passed. He was also made the President of Bombay Housing Board and Hindustan Mazdoor Sangh. In 1947-1950, he was appointed MLA. As an MLA, he did many commendable works. In 1947, he founded the ‘Indian National Trade Union Congress’. Seeing his loyalty to his work, he was called to Delhi. The government gave them important roles and duties. Shortly after independence, in 1947, he was sent to Switzerland as a representation of India in the ‘International Labor Conference’. He studied a lot to know the labor and housing system closely.

After the constitution of the country came into force in 1950, he was made the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission. He received full cooperation in the five-year plans of India. Jawaharlal Nehru Was very impressed by his work. Nanda ji held the post of cabinet minister in the cabinet and took charge of the planning ministry from 1951-1952. Contributed significantly to the river-valley project from 1952-1955. In 1957-1967 also took care of Irrigation and Energy Department. In 1963-1964, he took over the charge of Labor and Employment Department. He was elected a member of the Lok Sabha in the first five general elections.

Caretaker Prime Minister (Gulzarilal Nanda prime minister period) –

Gulzari Lal’s tenure as Prime Minister was of 13-13 days twice. According to the Constitution of India, the post of the Prime Minister of the country can never be kept vacant, for some reason if the Prime Minister leaves his post or dies while in office, then the new Prime Minister is elected immediately. If this is not possible immediately, a caretaker or interim prime minister is appointed. The caretaker continues in that post until the new Prime Minister is duly elected. After the death of Nehru in 1964, Gulzari Lal was the only senior leader, which is why he was made the caretaker prime minister. Gulzari was a favorite of Jawaharlal, both were working together for a long time, Gulzari Lal ji understood the work of Nehru ji very well. War with China in 1962 It was over, at the time of Nehru’s death, there was a lot of pressure on the post of Prime Minister, despite this Nanda Ji De had handled this post very well.

in 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri After his death, he was again made the caretaker prime minister. The war of Pakistan ended in 1965, due to which the country was once again going through a difficult period. After the sudden death of Lal Bahadur Shastri ji, Gulzari Lal ji maintained the dignity of the country. During his tenure at both the times, Nanda did not take any major decisions, during which he worked very calmly and sensitively. It would not be wrong to call Gulzari ji a troubleshooter.

Persona –

Gulzarilal Nanda ji is also known as a skilled writer, he gave birth to many priceless works, some of them are “Some Aspects of Khadi”, “Approach to the Second Five Year Plan”, “Guru Tegh Bahadur”, “Saint and Savior”, “History of Adjustment in the Ahmedabad Textiles”, “For a Moral Revolution” and “Some Basic Consideration” etc. Gulzari ji never misused his position, there was no personal property in his name. He lived in a rented house with his family. He was never infatuated with money. Simple living was the principle of high thinker Nanda ji. In his last days, he did not even have money to survive, even then he did not spread his hands in front of his sons. At this time, he had for the first time signed the application for the 500 rupees to be given to the freedom fighter at the behest of his friend.

When did Gulzari Lal Nanda die? ,Gulzarilal nanda death)

In 1997, he was decorated with ‘Bharat Ratna’ and ‘Padma Vibhushan’. Gulzari Lal ji died on 15 January 1998 at his personal residence in Delhi. He attained a long life of 100 years. This person of simple and calm nature made a place in everyone’s heart for life.

Where is the tomb of Gulzari Lal Nanda

Narayan Ghat

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